Different Branches Of Science and Their Career Applications

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Branches Of Science With Definitions And Examples

What is Science? SCIENCE is a system of knowledge and the methods/techniques that you use to find the knowledge. It is concerned with understanding how nature and the physical world work. Science mainly deals with the natural world. The main branches of science are physical science, life science, Earth science, and applied science.Main Branches of Science

In this amazing article, you will explore all the main branches of science, their examples, and their applications in various fields. So keep in touch with us. Let’s dive in!

Introduction To Science

Science is the systematic study of the structure and behavior of natural and physical science. Modern science is typically divided into three parts Physics, chemistry, and biology.

Three main branches of science are Earth science, life science, and physical science. Earth science is the study of Earth and its physical components that make it up i.e. Atmosphere, the land, and the seas. It includes Geology, Oceanography, Meteorology, And paleontology.

Physical science deals with the study of inanimate natural objects and the laws that govern them. It is further divided into physics, chemistry, and astronomy. While life science deals with the study of living things and most accurately life.

The Significance of Studying Science

The main purpose to study science are: Science helps our understanding of the world around us. It improves our analytical skills. It is concerned with the information to get through observing and testing the natural world.

Three Branches Of Modern Science:

Science is progressing day by day. Modern science has invented such amazing things that people never thought of before. It has made the impossible things into reality. The series of events that led to the birth of modern science is called the scientific revolution. The three major branches of modern science are natural sciences, social sciences, and formal sciences.

Natural Sciences

Natural science deals with the study of nature and the universe. The subdivision of natural science includes:

  1. Physics, the Study of Universe
  2. Chemistry, The Study of Matter
  3. Biology, The Study of Life and Living Organisms.

Social Sciences

Social sciences are disciplines concerned with the systematic study of social phenomena.

It is the branch of science that deals with the institutions, the functioning of human society, and the interpersonal relationship of individuals as members of society.

The main branches of social sciences are:

Psychology
Sociology
Anthropology
Economics
Archaeology
History
Geography
Law
Politics

Formal Sciences

Formal science is a unique branch of science that deals with the study of formal systems to produce knowledge and explore the nature of different fields/disciplines from Mathematics, Computer science, and Information Technology (IT).

The most important branches of Formal Sciences are given below:

  • Mathematics
  • Computer
  • Data Science
  • Information Technology
  • Statistics
  • Artificial Intelligence, etc.

Applied Sciences

The discoveries in science are further employed for making inventions that bring some form of comfort to man. This category of science may also be referred to as technological science.

Applied science is the practical use of scientific information. Applied science can also be called Technology. 

Examples of Sub Branches Of Applied Sciences

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Civil Engineering
  • Petroleum Engineering

List of Branches of Science And Their SubFields

The list of branches of science and their sub-fields are given below in the tabular form:

  1. Physical Sciences
2. Life Sciences3. Earth Sciences4. Applied Sciences
PhysicsBiologyAstronomyMathematics
MechanicsAnatomyMeteorologyMechanical engineering
ElectromagneticsBotanyGeologyStatistics
ThermodynamicsZoologyAtmospheric SciencesMolecular biology
KineticsNeurobiologyGlaciologyComputer Science
Chemistry Marine BiologyClimatologyCivil Engineering
Inorganic ChemistryEmbryologyStructural GeologyPetroleum Engineering
ElectrochemistryEcologyArchitectural Engineering
Analytical ChemistryPaleontologyAgricultural engineering
GeneticsHealth Sciences And Electricity
Cell Biology

Physical Sciences

It is concerned with the study of inorganic aspects of our world. The main examples of sub-branches of physical sciences are Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, and Earth Sciences.

Examples of Sub Branches Of Physical Science

PhysicsChemistry
Planetary ScienceAstro-Physics
OceanographyPolymer Science
GeologyMeteorology

What is Physics?

Physics is the branch of science that deals with the study of matter, energy, and the relationship between them are called physics. The word “physics” is derived or taken from the Greek word “Fusis” which means nature or natural things.

In this category, the main branches of physics are: Examples of sub branches of Physics and their subfields

Examples of Sub Branches of Physics

  • Classical Physics
  • Modern Physics
  • Optics
  • Quantum Physics
  • Mechanics
  • Dynamics
  • Thermodynamics
  • Nuclear Physics
  • Atomic Physics
  • Acoustics
  • Electronics

Career Fields Or Jobs in Physical Sciences?

Top Jobs in Physical Sciences

Find a career in a field that you are passionate about. Select a field below to find out what kinds of careers you could pursue and what kind kinds of studies will take you where you want to go.

  • Physicist
  • Chemist
  • Astronaut
  • Astronomer
  • Cosmologist
  • Software Engineer
  • Computer scientist
  • Scientist
  • Nuclear Technician
  • Astrophysicist
  • Space Scientist

What is Chemistry?

It is the branch of science that deals with the study of Elements (i.e. atoms, molecules, compounds, ions, etc.) and their chemical composition, characteristics, structure, and reactions.

Chemistry also involves the study of chemical bonding (interaction) between elements, atoms, and molecules. Examples of sub branches of chemistry and their sub-fields

Examples of Sub branches of Chemistry

The main branches of chemistry are listed below:

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Physical Chemistry
  • Analytic Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Bio-Chemistry
  • Nuclear Chemistry
  • Biophysical Chemistry
  • Polymer Chemistry

What is Biology?

The scientific study of living things is called biology. It is the branch of science that discovers a wide range of topics and consists of various branches (Subdesciplines).Branches Of Biology

Examples of Sub-Branches of Biology

  • Botany
  • Zoology
  • Morphology
  • Anatomy
  • Ecology
  • Taxonomy
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology
  • Microbiology

Specialized Branches of Science

Specialized Branches Of ScienceDefinitions/Meanings
AgronomyCrop plants
AnthropologyHuman past, behaviors, and cultures.
AeronauticsAirplanes and flights.
AstronomyStudy of Celestial Objects.
Astrophysics Understanding the working of the universe.
BiotechnologyCreating/developing products using microorganisms.
EngineeringScientific principles and their applications.
CytologyThe study of cells.
PsychologyUnderstanding the human mind and behavior.
PetrologyThe study of Rocks, origin, and characteristics.
ExobiologyExtraterrestrial life.
Forensic ScienceApplication of Science in legal process/criminal investigations.
Materials ScienceStudy of properties of solid materials.
Mycology Study on Fungi.
OrnithologyThe branch that deals with the Study of birds.
RadiologyDiagnosing and treating various diseases.
ToxicologyChemical components and their effects on living organisms.
VirologyStudy of Virus.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the 4 main branches of science?

There are four major branches of science in which every branch is categorized into a different type of subjects that cover various areas of study i.e. Physics, Mathematics, Chemistry Astronomy, etc.

The four major branches of science are, Mathematics and logic, biological science, physical science, and social science.

What are the 10 main branches of science?

  • Chemistry
  • Physics
  • Astrophysics
  • Earth Sciences
  • Biology
  • Environmental Science
  • Biomedicine
  • Zoology
  • Astronomy
  • Biomedicine

What are the 3 main branches of science?

  • Physical science.
  • Earth science.
  • Life science.

Who is the father of Science?

  • Galileo Galilei

Who is the First father of scientists?

Aristotle is considered by many to be the first scientist.

Who is the father of Biology?

Aristotle

Who is the Father of Chemistry?

Lavoisier is known as the “Father of Modern Chemistry”.

Who is the Father of Mathematics?

The Father of Math is the great Greek mathematician and philosopher Archimedes.

Branches of Science and Their Career Applications

What are the Top Jobs in life sciences?

  • Marine Biologist
  • Zoologist
  • Biochemist
  • Pharmacologist
  • Forensic Scientist
  • Virologist
  • Biologist
  • Botanist
  • Biotechnologist

What are the Top Jobs in Physical Sciences?

  • Physicist
  • Astronaut
  • Chemist
  • Astronomer
  • Cosmologist
  • Software Engineer
  • Computer scientist
  • Scientist
  • Nuclear Technician
  • Astrophysicist
  • Space Scientist

What are the Top Jobs in Earth Sciences?

  • Meteorologist
  • Land planners
  • Oceanographer
  • Geologist
  • Paleontologists
  • Environmental scientist
  • Hydrogeologist
  • Hydrologist
  • Seismologist

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