Monarchy is a form of government or state in which a group integrated into the State (usually a family that represents a dynasty) embodies the national identity of the country and the head of the household, or monarch, exercises the role of head of State.
The political power of the monarch can be symbolic in the government (Parliamentary Monarchy), integrated into a form of government (Constitutional Monarchy) or be autocratic (Absolute Monarchy).
Different Types Of Monarchy In The World Are:
It is a form of government in which the monarch is the one who exercises power without restrictions in political terms and, in most cases, also governs in religious aspects or, his government has a large spiritual component.
This model emerged in Western Europe during the Ancien Regime, particularly the French monarchy of Louis XIV around 1700, although similar features occurred at other times and places.
In this type of monarchy there is no division of powers, the monarch is the head of the government, it is the main legislative body and the judicial power.
The power limitations of monarchs arose in Europe from the crisis of the Ancien Regime, which led to the suppression of the monarchy and the establishment of republics. The constitutional monarchy is one where the king agrees to give up part of his power and share it with elected representatives.
In true constitutional monarchies, a principle of national sovereignty is defined that does not reside in the people but in courts established by the king or in other organizations.
This type of monarchy allows the king to retain part of the power and distribute the functions of the legislative and judicial powers.
Government is the responsibility of Parliament, which is the repository of national sovereignty . The king maintains some formal powers such as the ability to appoint candidates for the presidency of the government, but he cannot be appointed until he achieves the confidence of parliament.
The king remains the head of state, is inviolable and responsible in the exercise of his office and holds the highest representation of the nation in international relations.
The powers of the king in a parliamentary monarchy are practically symbolic. That is, the king reigns but does not rule. All his official acts must be supported by the government.
They are systems of government that are halfway between absolute and constitutional monarchy. In this type of government, the monarch cedes some of his power to a government (which may or may not be democratic) but continues to maintain his political influence.
It was a type of regime established in European countries after the Napoleonic Wars in which power was shared between the king and a broad popular representation.
They were monarchies from various historical periods in which a monarch was a feudal lord . His power was limited to his fiefdom and the relations of vassalage he established with inferior nobles.
In these cases, the monarchy resembled an aristocracy.