For social sciences, an ideology is a set of emotions, collective beliefs, and ideas that are compatible with each other and are related to human social behavior.
An ideology describes and postulates the way of acting on a collective reality, whether in the general system of society or in specific systems such as the economic, scientific-technological, social, political, moral, religious, cultural, and environmental, among others.
Ideologies can be classified in many ways:
For its receptivity to change:
They are those who seek the conservation of the system and oppose change.
They seek the radical and sudden transformation of a system.
They are those that pursue gradual change
They are those that seek the read-option of a previously existing system
Types Of Ideologies According to the policy:
It is characterized by making the religious beliefs of a group direct the political agenda , which is aimed at making the symbols, beliefs and rituals associated with that religion prevail.
In this type of ideology, the content of the sacred texts is of utmost importance and in them the answer is sought to most of the problems that life presents.
This ideology frequently uses terms such as “sacrilegious” or “unnatural” to define activities or habits that go against religion.
It is one that represses people and groups that do not fit with ideas related to the essence of the country or nation . They attribute customs, symbols, rituals, religion, language, race to a territory and all behaviors that escape this mold are persecuted or called “unnatural.”
Conservatism, both religious and far-right, relate political and social objectives with essentialism to define what the correct society is.
It is a type of ideology that is based on the individual. That is, seek attention to one’s own needs. The analysis of society, politics and economics is carried out from this position, giving priority to subjectivity and freedom of choice.
This type of ideology gives importance to economic equality, but the concept of private property is of great importance, since it is seen as an extension of the Self. It defends the need to be able to do what you want with private property and your own body without harming other individuals.
It is a type of secular ideology, that is, it is not related to any religion and rejects any initiative that seeks to regulate political and social life based on beliefs about divinity.
Socialism is collectivist, it gives importance to social phenomena, which cannot be explained based on the personal preferences of individuals.
It is a philosophical materialist ideology, that is, it is not ideas that matter, but facts and their effects in the world.
For example, under socialism it is considered that freedom means nothing if free people are forced by their poverty to choose only precarious jobs.
It points out the problems inherited from generation to generation, relating it to the concentration of capital in few hands and the submission to men and women.
In this ideology there are two other currents of thought:
It is a type of ideology based on socialism that defends the need to collectivize goods. The method to achieve this goal varies depending on the current of anarchism practiced.
Generally, anarchism denies authority . Those who follow this ideology are against the State as a form of government and social organization.
They are committed to a planned economy and the use of the State to end the domination of the elites. Those who follow this ideology promote “equality of conditions.”
The states that support this ideology are characterized by planning community life and eliminating private property. They seek to eliminate social classes and ensure equal treatment.
Social democrats are those who adopt elements of liberalism and socialism. They do not focus on an individualistic analysis of reality and renounce the idea of eliminating problems of inequality and dominance through the elimination of private property over the means of production.
They seek to achieve balance based on the redistribution of wealth.
It is one that is based on the belief that the profits derived from use, production and management are private property.
In societies where this ideology was implemented, the market regulates itself based on free supply and demand. The State only participates in diplomatic and administrative matters, which are generally centralized.