In everyday language, these words are used interchangeably. People do not stop to think that there are certain differences between robbery and theft. Sometimes the misuse of words can cost insurance money or can lead to an inappropriate punishment. Legally, robbery and theft are very different and demand different punishments.
Theft refers to taking something valuable from another person through the use of threats, force, and intimidation. It can be any form of violence. The main thing about the robbery is the presence of a victim.
Aggravated robbery refers to the presence of a deadly weapon or causing the victim to believe that a deadly weapon is present. Felonies refer to physical assaults or threats to commit an assault without the presence of a weapon. Other felonies refer to the use of weapons and are punishable by more years in prison.
Types of robbery: Laws may also define robberies in terms of classifications or grades, as well as by types of robbery such as armed robbery; simple robbery, robbery during the commission of another crime; invasion of private property.
Armed robbery occurs when the suspect uses an instrument that could cause serious bodily injuries, such as guns, knives, sticks, or other objects used to create a threat of bodily harm. Simple robbery is when the suspect uses bodily force without an instrument such as fists, kicks, shoves, or other physical force to take property and/or facilitate escape.
Robbery is classified as a violent crime because it involves fear and/or force, although the victim does not have to sustain an injury during the robbery to be classified and prosecuted as a robbery.
Theft refers to any action that involves taking any type of property from someone without their knowledge with the intent to permanently deprive that person of the property.
Theft includes embezzlement and fraud. Embezzlement refers to an employee diverting company money or another employee’s money for personal use. Fraud refers to the use of tricks to permanently remove someone’s property.
Theft also includes property damage, property crime, arson, assault, looting, shoplifting, etc. It is specifically to take any object that belongs to a person and permanently deprives him of it.
Differences between Robbery and Theft
The main difference between robbery and theft is that when talking theft it refers to any action that involves taking any type of property from someone without their knowledge with the intention of depriving that person of the property permanently. While a robbery refers to taking something valuable from another person through the use of threats, force, and intimidation.
Theft does not imply the presence of a victim, since the property can be taken indirectly. For example, if someone breaks into a car and takes a tablet while the owner is away, this is considered theft.
On the contrary, robbery implies the presence of a victim at the time of criminal activity. For example, if someone in an alley approaches you to take your wallet, with or without a gun, this is robbery because there is a victim.
Theft does not imply the use of deadly weapons, while the felony of aggravated robbery implies the presence of a weapon either to threaten or if it is used against the victim. This is another of the differences between robbery and theft.
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