In general, the terms ethics and morals are used interchangeably, although different communities will sometimes make a distinction. Many use the two terms as synonyms, but there are slight and subtle differences between Ethics and Morals. We are going to study what each concept refers to in order to better understand how they differ and what their similarities are.
What is Ethic
This term derives from the Greek word ethos. This can mean habit, custom, character, or disposition. Under this name are known the basic concepts and fundamental principles of decent human conduct.
It includes the study of universal values such as the essential equality of all men and women, human or natural rights, obedience to the law of the land, concern for health and safety, and, increasingly, also for the environment. natural environment.
Modern philosophers today tend to divide ethical theories into three basic areas. These are metaethics, normative ethics, and applied ethics.
- As Metaethics is understood the nature of moral judgment. This area is based on the origins and meaning of ethical principles.
- Normative ethics, for its part, deals with the content of moral judgments. It also takes care of the criteria of right and wrong.
- For its part, applied ethics is responsible for analyzing controversial issues such as animal rights or the war on the death penalty.
What is Morality
This concept is meant conformity to a recognized code, doctrine, or system of rules as to what is right or wrong and to behave accordingly. No system of morality is accepted as universal, and answers to what morality is differ considerably from place to place, group to group, and time to time.
For some, it means a conscious and deliberate effort to guide one’s conduct by reason based on impartiality and religious belief.
Morality is the social, cultural, and religious beliefs or values of an individual or group that tell us what is right or wrong. They are the norms and standards set by society or culture that we must follow when deciding what is right. Some moral principles are: do not cheat, be loyal, be patient, always tell the truth and be generous.
Morality refers to the beliefs of what is not objectively correct, but what is considered correct for any given situation. This is why it can be said that what is morally correct may not be objectively correct.
Morality is important on three levels that relate to our behavior. To ensure fair play and harmony between individuals; to help us to be good people and to have a good society. This concept also tends to affect our decisions, and in turn, those choices will be directed by our conscience.
Differences between Ethics and Morality
One of the differences between ethics and morality is what they deal with. While morality deals with what is “right or wrong,” ethics deals with what is “good or bad.”
Morals are general guidelines framed by society eg. We must tell the truth. Conversely, ethics is a response to a particular situation, eg Is it ethical, to tell the truth in a particular situation?
The term moral is derived from the Greek word “mos” which refers to customs and customs determined by a group of individuals or some authority. On the other hand, ethics originates from the Greek word “ethos” which refers to character and character is an attribute.
Moral codes are mostly dictated by society, culture, or religion, while ethics is chosen by the person who rules your life. This is another of the differences between ethics and morals.
Morality deals with the principles of good and evil. Rather, ethics emphasizes right and wrong conduct. As morality is framed and designed by a group, there is no option to think and choose; The individual can accept or reject it. Conversely, people are free to think and choose their ethical life principles.
Morality can vary from one society to another and from one culture to another. Unlike ethics, which remains the same regardless of any culture, religion, or society. Morality has no applicability to business while ethics is widely applicable in a business known as business ethics.
Morality is expressed in the form of statements, on the contrary, ethics is not expressed in the form of statements.
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