Difference Between

Difference between Centrifugal and Peripheral Pump And Their Parts

Centrifugal pumps and peripheral pumps are two types of pumps used to move liquids from one place to another. Centrifugal pumps have a long shaft and vanes or blades that propel the liquid outward, while peripheral pumps have a short shaft and vanes or blades that move circularly around the shaft.

Centrifugal pumps are larger and have a higher flow capacity than peripheral pumps, and are often used in industrial and processing applications.

Peripheral pumps are smaller and have a lower flow capacity, and are often used in home and garden applications.

Centrifugal Pump Vs. Peripheral Pump: What’s Difference?

Centrifugal pump

A centrifugal pump is a pump used to move liquids from one place to another. It works by rotating a shaft that propels liquid through a pipe.

The centrifugal pump has a shaft that rotates at high speed and a series of vanes or blades that are located around the shaft.

Centrifugal Pump Image and its components

When the shaft rotates, the vanes push the liquid outward, causing the liquid to move through the pipe.

Centrifugal pumps are very efficient and have a high flow capacity, which is why they are often used in industrial and processing applications.

They are also used in home and garden applications, such as pumping water from a pool or well.

Centrifugal pumps are generally larger than other pumps and can be used to move liquids at high pressures.

List of the main parts and components of a centrifugal pump:

  1. Impeller
  2. Casing or Volute Casing
  3. Shaft
  4. Bearings
  5. Seals
  6. Wear Rings
  7. Suction and Discharge Ports
  8. Stuffing Box
  9. Casing Cover
  10. Priming System
  11. Coupling
  12. Wear Plate

Peripheral pump:

A peripheral pump is a type of centrifugal pump used to move liquids from one location to another. Like centrifugal pumps, peripheral pumps operate by rotating a shaft that propels liquid through a pipe.

However, unlike centrifugal pumps, peripheral pumps have a much shorter shaft and the vanes or blades are arranged differently.

Peripheral Pump Images

When the shaft rotates, the vanes or blades move in a circular manner around the shaft, causing the liquid to move through the pipe.

Peripheral pumps are generally smaller and have a lower flow capacity than centrifugal pumps, so they are often used in home and garden applications.

They can also be used in industrial applications, but are usually less common than centrifugal pumps due to their lower flow capacity.

Peripheral pumps are efficient and easy to use, and can be used to move liquids at low or medium pressures.

List Of main parts and components of a peripheral pump:

  1. Impeller
  2. Casing or Channel Ring
  3. Shaft
  4. Bearings
  5. Suction and Discharge Ports
  6. Seals
  7. Wear Rings
  8. Casing Cover
  9. Priming System
  10. Coupling

Difference between Centrifugal and Peripheral Pump In Tabular Form

Characteristic Centrifugal pump Peripheral pump
Size Generally larger Generally smaller
Flow capacity Elderly Minor
Axis Long Short
Paddles or blades They push the liquid out They move circularly around the axis
Common uses Industrial and processing applications Home and garden applications

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