Zoology is the scientific study of animals, encompassing their classification, anatomy, physiology, behavior, and distribution in the natural world, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of animal life.
The ecosystem is so complex that each of the lives that develop there deserves to be studied by science. It is here where we find the origin of the importance that sustains what Zoology studies for the advances of science and its influence on the lives of human beings.
Science of Zoology, what does it consist of?
The object that Zoology studies consists of everything related to the animal kingdom , morphological specifications, and functions within the ecosystem. It is a science derived from biology to specifically study each of the animal species that live on the planet.
The study of animals saw its origins many centuries ago when the first zoologist was none other than Aristotle. The studies of this illustrious philosopher were not taken into account at the time because they lacked certain scientific requirements, however, they served as a starting point for Zoology studies, since these investigations revealed the taxonomy and details of various species and classifications.
Zoology studies have been part of science, being one of the branches that most people tend to lean towards when wanting to opt for studies based on biology and knowledge of species in their natural spaces.
Functions performed by a zoologist
General zoology brings with it a lot of knowledge that allows the professional who studies in this career to work in various work fields. Depending on your area, it must perform the following functions:
- Research through recordings or informative observation of vertebrate animals, invertebrates , mammals, insects, reptiles, amphibians, microorganisms, herbivores, among other species of the animal kingdom.
- Follow up on previous studies or hypotheses about animal behaviors, their movements, their relationships with each other, their evolution, the sounds they produce, among others.
- Look for possible solutions to problems in the animal kingdom , whether in terms of habitat, the comfort of the animals, their relationship with other living beings , etc.
- Study, design, create and produce medicines for each pathology that may affect the multiple animals on the planet; even help in the research of new medical procedures that give them a better quality of life.
- Ensure the rescue, capture and care of lost, endangered, abandoned animals and more.
16 Important Branches Of Zoology
Division OF Zoology
People who have chosen to develop their studies in the area studied by Zoology have been able to admire not only the extension of this science thanks to the countless species of animals that exist in the world, but they can also specialize in each of the branches that make up this subject so important for the world of biological sciences .
Among the areas studied by Zoology we find the following:
1. Anatomy of animals
It is based on the knowledge of the organisms of each species and their functions, which includes the shape, location, size, structure, internal and external parts, among others. In addition, anatomy is divided into other subparts, among which are: pathologies, topography, comparative anatomy and descriptive anatomy or zoology .
2. Physiology of the animal
Hand in hand with anatomy is each of the chemical and physical processes that the organism of the animal in question experiences.
This branch deals with the description and specification that is made to the species.
As its name indicates, it refers to the development and gestation of animal embryos.
It consists of those modifications, optimizations or inheritances that a species has had over the years.
Its objective is to study the relationships established between animals, both between their species and others, the environment in which they develop and the geographical location in which they are found.
It deals with the study of animal fossils.
Ecology is nothing more than the study that seeks to link animals with their environment or environment in general.
In the field of Zoology, morphology is responsible for studying both the structures and shapes of the organs and organisms of herbivorous animals, mammals and other species. This area seeks to investigate and describe the parts of the body, its disposition and the external physical characteristics of each animal.
It is the branch of Zoology that studies the behavior that animals possess in relation to the habitat in which they develop, including those mechanisms that can have a positive or negative impact on their behavior.
In addition to each of these studies, what Zoology studies can also be broken down and directed towards studies carried out for a specific animal species.