Branches Of Science With Definitions & Properties

Science is the group of organized, hierarchical, and verifiable knowledge, achieved from the observation of natural sciences and social sciences of truth. Below you will learn the branches of science and their properties.

Properties of science

Science is characterized by the following properties: 

  • Study the laws that govern the world around us, through rational, demonstrable, and universal procedures. In this way, he values ​​objectivity and modesty and distances himself from subjectivities.
  • Examines its objects of analysis both quantitatively and qualitatively
  • It relies on research in the steps established by the scientific procedure, to formulate scientific laws, models, and theories that explain the truth.
  • It creates a fundamental amount of specialized knowledge that should be questioned and then validated by our scientific society.

Science is made up of a fundamental number of branches of science or specialized fields of knowledge, that study natural, formal, or social phenomena, and which in their entirety make up a united whole.

The branches of science and scientific procedure:

The branches of science , scientific disciplines or simply sciences , are usually divided into 3 teams: 

  • Formal sciences.
  • Natural Sciences.
  • Human Sciences.
  • Social Sciences.

These make up the primary sciences, which are supported by applied sciences such as engineering and medicine. The various branches are classified as:

Formal sciences 

They are the scientific branches that study the so-called formal systems, systems said to be based on logic and mathematical language. Such as mathematics, information theories or statistics.

Formal sciences do not seek to validate theories about observable phenomena throughout the real world, but rather to continue reasoning about formal systems .

Natural Sciences 

These are scientific branches in charge of the analysis of natural phenomena . Natural sciences are physics , chemistry, geology, geography, astronomy or biology.

The natural sciences, also called pure sciences, try to find and describe the rules that govern the natural world.

Social Sciences 

They are the scientific branches that study human behavior and organization in communities.

Primary sciences such as anthropology, archaeology, political science , economics, sociology , public health or theology are grouped under this category .

Formal, natural and social sciences are the most common branches of science as objects of analysis in elementary research.

The primary sciences also form the basis for other interdisciplinary scientific knowledge , which is constantly found in certain fields of applied research, which derive from the understanding of other branches or primary sciences . 

Medicine and engineering are branches of applied sciences that take knowledge from mathematics, physics, chemistry or biology .

Object of analysis of natural sciences:

The natural sciences focus their interest on nature, that is, on the laws that govern the planet and the phenomena that are observable on it. In general terms, it is responsible for phenomena that occur regardless of whether or not people are there to observe or take part in it.

Classification and branches of natural sciences

The natural sciences are classified according to the natural environment they deal with, the classifications are:

  • Physical Sciences . They deal with the primordial laws of the perceptible world. In this set remain:
  • Astronomy. Study the celestial stars and the interrelationships between them.
  • Physical. Study the primordial forces of the world 
  • Geology. Study the Earth, our world, as well as its formation and transformation processes.
  • Chemistry . Study the structure, composition and attitudes of matter.
  • Biological Sciences . They deal with the primordial laws of life as we know it.

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