What is Anthropological Criminology?
Criminal Anthropology is a branch of Criminology, but also of general Anthropology. It studies the anthropological factors about the criminal activity of certain people.
Anthropological Criminology or Criminal Anthropology, as we have been saying, is a branch of criminology and anthropology. It is the discipline that studies the relationship between criminal activities and anthropological factors. Therefore, its object of study is the physical, psychological, and morphological traits of criminals. In this way, an attempt is made to understand the behavior and personality of the individuals or organizations that commit crimes.
To do this, it uses the same methodology as general Anthropology when analyzing human beings. With the difference is that it studies personality, behavior, and criminal organizations based on the morphological and physical-psychological traits of people.
“Criminal Anthropology analyzes anatomy and physiology, psychology or demography, always taking into account criminal activity.”
The truth is that in its origin, this branch of Anthropology focused only on the physical characteristics of individuals who committed crimes – and it followed the belief that there are aspects in the physique that only criminals had.
On the other hand, you should know that the Italian Cesare Lombroso is considered the creator of Criminal Anthropology. In fact, it was this criminologist and doctor who studied the physical characteristics of criminals in the 19th century, coming to the conclusion that they had a different physiology than ordinary and innocent people.